【Model 1 问题解决型】
Paragraph 1 介绍主题
With the rapid development of market-oriented economy, an increasing number of people are concerned about the problem of 问题 in our society. It has brought about a great influence on people’s work and living. Therefore, not only … but also … have to pay more attention to this phenomenon.
Paragraph 2 原因分析
So far as I know, some driving factors that contribute to the above-mentioned problem can be illustrated as follows. To begin with, …. In addition,…. And furthermore, ….
Paragraph 3 解决办法
Based on what has been discussed so far , it follows that some effective solutions should be found to deal with the problem of ______. One the one hand, …; on the other hand, …. Only in this way can we finalize this problem successfully and effectively.
Paragraph 1 介绍(描述现象、形势、困难)
Paragraph 2 列举解决方法
Paragraph 3 总结/评论或自己选择及其理由
【Model 2 积极有利型】
Paragraph 1 引出话题，描述话题的重要性
Along with the rapid development of science and technology ( market - oriented economy, electric industry, higher education…) an increasing number of people come to realize that ____ is something that we cannot do without, especially in such an intensely competitive society.
Paragraph 2 分析其重要性的原因或具体表现(事物本身的价值属性 + 社会意义)
There can be no doubt that The importance of 主题 can be most clearly seen in the following aspects. To begin with, …. In addition,…. And finally, …. (附加句 it is extremely difficult for us to imagine what our modern life would be like without_______. )
Paragraph 3 如何发扬光大
As the issue is becoming more and more important, It’s clear that we can promote it in the following ways. For one thing, …. For another,…
1)convenience 方便; 2) efficiency 效率; 3) safety 安全; 4) economical经济;
5) entertainment乐趣; 6) health 健康; 7) communication 交流;
8) character training 性格培养; 9) achievement成就; 10) durability 耐久性，耐用性
When it comes to 主题 , some people believe that _观点一， and it is often argued by other people that 观点二(或 the opposite is true ). There is probably some truth in both statements.
Generally speaking, the advantages of ______ can be seen clearly in the following respects. To begin with, …. In addition,…. And finally, …. However, just as everything has two sides , there is no exception to the above discussed issue of ______. On the one hand, …; on the other hand, ….
Weighing up the pros and cons of both sides, we may reasonably reach the conclusion that the advantages of __主题carry far more weight than its disadvantages. Therefore, we should manage to make the most of its benefits and try to avoid the harmful effects of ___主题______.
【Model 4 A/B比较对照型】
Paragraph 1 现象A和B的介绍 + 作者的选择/判断
As is well-known to all of us that recently the topic of 主题 is becoming the most popular one in our society. However, there are two different opinions concerning it. Some people believe that 现象一 ( A is more important than B) while others argue that 现象二 ( B is more important than A. ). As far as I am concerned, the latter / the former seems more reasonable.
Paragraph 2 描述作者的选择/判断
It’s beyond any question that A is characterized by some aspects as follows. To begin with, …. In
addition,…. And finally, ….However, one has to mention some weaknesses of (主题) that may also go along. A case in point is , ….
Paragraph 3 总结+照应另一观点
As shown in our previous discussion, ___A/B___ indeed bears some distinctive features and it will still play essential roles in our modern society. Of course, we should not neglect the positive effects of ___ A/B_. One typical point is that _____.
1. Story/ Report Type
Paragraph 1 描述文字+得出结论
It is quite obvious / apparent to all of us that the above story describes that 讲故事(2-3句慨述. From this story, we can easily arrive at such conclusion that _结论(参考提示语).
Paragraph 2 根据主题分类展开或举例说明
Undoubtedly, such case frequently occur in our daily life. A case in point is that _______. There is another example to illustrate this point. 例子 (也可根据主题分类， 参考前面的models 1-4)
Based on what has been illustrated above, we should have a correct attitude towards 主题 ――(解释主题)(如one’s life consists of lots of goals. )If we … , we will necessarily benefit a lot from it.
2. Graph Type
Paragraph 1 慨述图标+具体变化
As can be seen clearly from the above graph, there has been an obvious tendency with respect to ______ (参考提示语) in the past ___years. According to the figures shown in the graph, the number of (private cars )…rose slightly from___ in ____to_____in _____. However, there was a sudden rapid decline in the number of ( private cars ) from … to…in______.
Obviously, it is not difficult for us to come up with some possible factors that contribute to the above tendency. In the first place, …. In the second place, …. At last, ….
Based on what has been analyzed, we can say that the drawer intends not only to tell us the fact itself, but also set us thinking about _____. By the way, we may reasonably predict that, with the further development of reform and opening-up, the number of ______ will continue to grow steadily in the forthcoming decade.
3. Cartoon Type
Paragraph 1 描述漫画+得出结论
Here is a vivid and lively cartoon which depicts ______(2-3句概述, Obviously, this picture conveys us a strong message that _______
Paragraph 2 根据主题分类展开或举例说明
It is not difficult for us to come up with some possible factors that contribute to the above phenomenon if thinking carefully. To begin with, …. What’s more,…. At last,…
Based on what has been discussed, I personally believe that it is high time for us to adopt some effective measures to deal with such situation. On the one hand,… ; on the other hand,…. Only in these ways can we _____ ( prevent….from…;guarantee …; protect …from…; solve this matter effectively and successfully)
1. 基本句型 (详见笔记---五大基本句型)
2. 扩展句型 (详见笔记---三种扩展方式)
3. 特殊句型 (详见笔记---十大特殊句型)
1. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.
2. It is widely acknowledged that computer and other machines have become an indispensable part of our society, which make our life and work more comfortable and less laborious.
3. There are several reasons for this problem. One of the main reasons is that the number of vehicles is increasing much more rapidly than building of roads. Another primary reason is that there seem to be too many private cars and not enough public buses.
4. Today an increasing number of people have realized that law education is of great importance. In order to keep law and order, every one of us is supposed to get a law education.
5. From what I have mentioned above, we can see clearly that violence on TV has great influence on youngsters' behavior.
6. People differ in their attitudes towards failure. Faced with it, some of them can stand up to it, draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfill what they are determined to do. Others, however, lose heart and give in.
7. Let's take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowded. Furthermore, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents. The noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.
8. As is known to all, fake and inferior commodities harm the interests of consumers, and the progress of the society is based on harmony.
9. It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems. Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.
10. There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired and that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. Nothing is more important than to receive education. The more books we read, the more learned we become..