1. yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从
  2. be worthy of (=be deserving of)值得,够得上, 配得上
  3. absence of mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉
  4. absorb=take up the attention of吸引…的注意力(被动语态):

be absorbed in=be engrossed in=be lost in=be rapt in

=be concentrated on=be focused on=be centered on全神贯注于…

  1. (be) abundant in=be rich in= be well supplied with 富于,富有
  2. access(to) [U]能接近,进入,了解
  3. by accident=by chance=accidentally偶然地,意外

Without accident=safely 安全地,

  1. of one’s own accord=without being asked= willingly=freely


  1. in accord with 与…一致

out of one’s accord with 同….不一致

  1. with one accord=with everybody agreeing一致地
  2. in accordance with=in agreement with 依照,根据
  3. on one’s own account


2)=at one’s own risk) 自行负责

3)=by oneself)依靠自己

  1. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
  1. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
  2. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释(理由)
  3. account for=give an explanation/reason for 解释, 说明.
  4. on account of=because of=in that由于,因为.
  5. on no account=in no case=for no reason


  1. accuse…of…(=charge…with=blame sb. for sth

=blamesthon sb =complain about指控,控告

  1. be accustomed to doing=be in the habit of=be used to习惯于.
  2. be acquainted with=to have knowledge of 了解

=to have met socially 熟悉

  1. adapt oneself to=adjust oneself to 使自己适应于
  2. adapt…(for) =make sthsuitable for a new need 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
  3. in addition=besides 此外, 又, 加之
  4. in addition to=as well as=besides=other than除…外
  5. adhere to =abide by=conform to=comply with=cling to

=insist on=persist in=observe=opinion=belief

粘附; 坚持, 遵循

  1. adjacent=next to=close to 毗邻的, 临近的
  2. adjust..(to)=change slightly调节; 适应;adapt
  3. admit of=be capable of=leave room for


  1. in advance(before in time) 预告, 事先.
  2. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地.
  3. have an advantage over 胜过.

have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件

have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

  1. take advantage of =make the best of=utilize= make use of

= profit from=harness利用.

  1. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意
  2. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致

36.ahead of 在…之前, 超过…; ahead of time 提前.

  1. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中.
  2. above all =especially= most important of all尤其是,最重要的.
  3. in all=counting everyone or everything=altogether 总共,总计
  4. after all 毕竟到底(not)at all 一点也不

all at once(=suddenly)突然once and for all 只此一次

above all 最重要的first of all 首先

all in all 大体上说be all in 累极了

all but 几乎

  1. allow for =take into consideration

take into account 考虑到, 估计到.

  1. amount to =to be equal to 总计, 等于.
  2. answer for =undertake responsibility for

=be liable for=take charge for对…负责.

  1. answer to=conform to 适合,符合.
  2. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或anxious for
  3. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉
  4. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁.

appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

  1. apply to sb for sth 为…向…申请;

apply for 申请; apply to 适用.

  1. apply to 与…有关;适用
  2. approve of=consent to=be in favor of

=favor=agree to=consider good=right赞成,批准

  1. arise from=be caused by 由…引起.
  2. arrange for sb/sthto do sth 安排…做…
  3. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出;

arrive in 到达某地(大地方);

  1. be ashamed of=feel shame

=guilt/sorrowbecause of sthdone 以…为羞耻

  1. assure sb of sth.=try to cause to believe or trust in sth

向…保证, 使…确信.

  1. attach(to)=to fix/fasten/join 缚, 系,结
  2. make an attempt at doing sth/to do sth试图做…
  3. attend to =give one’s attention=care and thought注意,照顾;

attend on(upon)=wait upon=serve=look after 侍候,照料

  1. attitude to/ toward …对…的态度.看法
  2. attribute…to…=to believe sth

=to be the result of…把..归因于..,认为..是..的结果

  1. on the average/on average=on an average 平均

62.(be) aware of=be conscious of

=having knowledgeor consciousness意识到,知道.

  1. at the back of=behind 在…后面
  2. in the back of 在…后部(里面);

on the back of 在…后部(外面);

be on one’s back=be ill in be卧病不起

  1. at one’s back=supporting or favoring sb支持,维护;

have sb.at one’s back 有…支持

66.turn one’s back on sb=turn away from sbin an impolite way


  1. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话)
  2. be based on / upon 基于
  3. on the basis of 根据…, 在…基础上
  4. beat…at 在…运动项目上打赢
  5. begin with 以…开始.

to begin with=first of all首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)

  1. on behalf of=as the representative of 以…名义
  2. believe in=have faith or trust in= consider sth./sb to be true


  1. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处.
  2. for the benefit of 为了…的利益(好处)
  3. for the better 好转
  4. get the better of=defeat sb 打败, 胜过.
  5. by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统

at birth 在出生时;

give birth to 出生

  1. blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人.

blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上

  1. in blossom 开花(指树木)

be in blossom 开花(强调状态)

come into blossom 开花(强调动作)

  1. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机
  2. boast of (or about) 吹嘘
  3. out of breath 喘不过气来
  4. in brief=in as few words as possible简言之
  5. in bulk 成批地,不散装的
  6. take the floor 起立发言
  7. on business 出差办事.
  8. be busy with sth.于某事。

be busy doing sth.忙于做某事

  1. last but one 倒数第二.
  2. but for=without 要不是. 表示假设
  3. buy sth. for…money 用多少钱买
  4. be capable of 能够, 有能力

be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被…的

  1. in any case=at any rate=at any price=at any cost

=whatever happens=anyhow无论如何

  1. in case=for fear that= be cautious of万一;
  2. in case of=in the event of如果发生…万一

in the case of 至于…, 就…而言

  1. in no case 在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
  2. be cautious of 谨防
  3. center one’s attention on=focus one’s attention on

=pay one’s attention to 把某人的注意力集中在…上

  1. be certain of=be sure of 有把握, 一定.
  2. for certain of=for sure肯定地,有把握地
  3. by chance=accidentally= by accident偶然
  4. for a change 换换环境(花样等)
  5. charge sb with …控告某人犯有…
  6. in charge of =responsible for 负责(某事)

in the charge of …由…管

  1. take charge of=to be or become responsible for


  1. charge…for 因…索取(费用)

charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…

  1. round the clock=all day and all night=usually without stopping 昼夜不停地
  2. comment on 评论
  3. commit oneself to 使自己承担

commit sb.to prison 把某人送进监狱

commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来

commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论

  1. in common (和…)有共同之处,共用.

be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的

  1. keep company with=be friendly and go out together


  1. compare…with …把…与…比较
  2. compare…to…把…比作…
  3. by comparison 比较起来
  4. in comparison with=in contrast to 和…比起来

116.compensate for=give sth.to make up for补偿,赔偿弥补compensate sb for sth.赔偿,弥补

  1. complain of\about抱怨;诉苦;控告;

complain about 抱怨某人或事情;

complain to sbabout sth/sb 向某人抱怨…;

complain (抱怨); complement(补充);compliment (恭维)

  1. comply with=act in accordance with a demand\order\rule etc 遵守, 依从
  2. conceive of=think of=imagine=consider想象,设想
  3. concentrate on/upon 集中,专心
  4. be concerned with=about 与…有关
  5. concern oneself about/with 关心
  6. in conclusion=as the last thing最后一点;

at the conclusion of 当…结束时;

  1. condemn sb. to 判决
  2. on condition that=if以…为条件, 假如.

in that = because 因为;

now that = since 既然

for all that = although 尽管

  1. in/out of condition=thoroughly healthy or fit/not fit


in good (bad) condition 处于良好(坏)状态

127.confess(to)=admit afault\crime)承认, 供认

confess to a crime 承认罪行.

  1. confide in=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret

对…讲真心话, 依赖

  1. in confidence 推心置腹地;

with confidence 满怀信心地;

have confidence in 对…有信心

  1. confidence in sb/sth. 对…的信赖
  2. be confident of 有信心; confidential 机密的
  3. confine…to…把…限制在某范围内
  4. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等)
  5. conform to=be in agreement with=comply with符合,遵照,遵守;

1)obey 服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with 照…办;

4)keep to 遵循; 5)abide by 服从; 6)stick to 按..做

  1. be confronted with=be brought face to face with

面对, 面临

  1. congratulate sb. on 祝贺
  2. in connection with(=with regard to)关于,
  3. be conscious of(=be aware of)觉察,知道
  4. consent to(=give agreement to permission)同意
  5. in consequence=as a result 结果
  6. in consequence of=as a consequence of由于…的结果
  7. under consideration 在考虑中
  8. in consideration of=in return for=on account of=because of由于
  9. on no consideration/in no case无论如何也不
  10. take…into consideration=take account of=take…into account考虑到, 把…考虑进去
  11. considerate=thoughtful of the needs体贴的,考虑他人需要的considerable 相当大的,值得考虑的
  12. consist of=be composed of由…组成的.

consist in 主要在于consist with 符合,与…一致

  1. be consistent with=be in agreement with与…一致.

be consistent in 一贯的,

  1. consult sb on/about sth.


  1. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地,痛痛快快
  2. be content with=be satisfied with满足于

be content to do sth. 愿意做某事

  1. contrary to=in opposition to 与…相反
  2. on the contrary 相反
  3. contrast…with 把…与…相对(对照)
  4. in contrast to/with 和…形成对比

by contrast 对比之下

  1. contribute to 有助于
  2. under control (被)控制住

out of control 无法控制

  1. at one’s convenience=where and when it suits one

在方便的时间或地点be convenient to/for 对…方便

  1. convince sbof=cause sbto believe or feel certain

=to persuade sb使某人确信,

try to persuade sbto do sth劝说某人做…

  1. cope with=deal with=try to find a solution to应付, 处理
  2. in the corner(of)在角落里;

On/at the comer of a street 在街道拐弯处;

round the comer 拐过弯;

be in a tight corner 陷入困境

  1. correspond (with)=exchange letters regularly通信
  2. correspond to 相当于.

correspond with 符合,一致

  1. at all costs 不惜任何代价.

at the cost of 以…为代价

  1. a matter of course 理所当然的事
  2. as a matter of course 当然地, 自然地
  3. in/during the course 在…过程中
  4. in due course=without too much delay没经过太久, 到一定时候
  5. on credit 赊购

with credit 以优异成绩

to one’s credit 使某人感到光荣

170.be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的

  1. cure sb of+某种疾病治好某人的疾病

172.a danger o 对…的危险;

be in danger(of)处于…危险中;

be out of danger 脱离危险

  1. to date=so far=until now 到目前为止
  2. out of date 过时的up to date 新式的,时兴的;

date back to 可追溯到;date from 从某时期开始

  1. deal with=concern论及
  2. be in debt to sb 欠…的债
  3. on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中

in decline 下降;

on the increase 在增加

  1. to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴

to one’s regret 遗憾sorrow 悲痛relief 安心distress 苦恼shame 羞愧surprise 惊奇astonishment 惊奇;

  1. delight in=take great pleasure in doing sth喜欢, 取乐
  2. take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
  3. demand sthof sb向某人要求(非物质的)东西.

demand sth from sb向某人要求(物质的)东西

  1. in demand 有需求;on demand 受到要求时
  2. be dependent on 依靠
  3. deprive sb of sth. 剥夺某人某物
  4. derive…from=obtain…from从…取得,由…来的.

derive from=come from起源于

  1. despair of=lose all hope of 绝望
  2. in despair 绝望
  3. despite=in spite of不管, 尽管
  4. in detail 详细地
  5. deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
  6. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
  7. differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
  8. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难,
  9. discharge sb(from)…for=dismiss sb from a job for

因…解雇, 开除

  1. fall back=retreat=turn back 撤退;

in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

  1. on display=being shown publicly陈列
  2. dispose of=get rid of=throw away处理掉
  3. beyond dispute 不容争议的,无可争议
  4. in dispute 在争议中
  5. in the distance 在远处.

make out 辩认出

  1. (be) distinct from= be different from与…截然不同
  2. distinguish between=make or recognize differences 辨别
  3. distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
  4. do away with=get rid of=abolish=discard eliminate除去,取消

do away with=kill杀掉,镇压

  1. have…to do with 与…有关系
  2. without doubt=undoubtedly无可置疑地
  3. in doubt=in a condition of uncertainty对…表示疑惑
  4. be due to 是由于
  5. come off duty 下班
  6. go on duty 上班
  7. be on duty 值班, 值日, 在上班时
  8. be in duty bound to (do)

=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience) 有义务(做

  1. be eager for 想得到, 盼望
  2. by ear=play music from memory without having seen it printed 凭记忆,不看乐谱
  3. have an ear for =have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language对..有鉴赏力
  4. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话
  5. on earth 究竟, 到底, 全然
  6. with ease = easily 容易, 不费力
  7. at (one’s) ease= without worry or nervousness 自在,不拘束
  8. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)使某人感到无拘束
  9. economize on=save sthinstead of being wasteful 节省
  10. have an effect on 对…有影响
  11. be in effect=be in operation 有效
  12. go into effect 生效

近: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect

  1. in effect=in fact=really 实际上
  2. give effect to=carry out 实行,使…生效
  3. to no effect 不起作用,没有取得任何效果
  4. (be) of no effect=useless 无效
  5. to the effect that 大意是…,主要内容是…
  6. to that effect 是那个意思的…
  7. emerge from=appear=become known出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等)
  8. place/put/lay) an emphasis on 强调, 把重点放在…上
  9. encourage sb in 鼓励;

encourage sb in his/her work 鼓励某人工作;

encourage sb in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

  1. encourage sb in …with sth. 用…鼓励某人做某事
  2. on end=continuously 连续地
  3. (be) at an end=finished 结束了
  4. no end of=very many/much 很多,大量
  5. in the end=finally=eventually 最终
  6. at one’s wit’s end =not knowing what to do or to say

无法可想, 智穷计尽

  1. end up with 以…而结束
  2. come to and end=finish 结束
  3. end in 以…为结束
  4. engage in 或be engaged in 忙于,从事
  5. enter for=put the name on a list for 报名参加
  6. enter into=begin 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
  7. enter on/upon=begin 开始(一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等)
  8. be entitled to=be given the right to do sth


  1. be equal to 等于
  2. be/ feel equal to=have enough strength\ability etc.)


on equal terms=on and equal footing平等地

  1. be equipped with 装备有,装有
  2. (be) equivalent to=equal in value, amount, meaning

相等于, 相当于

  1. in essence=in its/one’s nature 本质上
  2. at all events=in spite of everything, in any case

不论怎样, 无论如何

  1. in any event=whatever happens in the future

无论如何, 不管(将来)怎么样

  1. in the event that=if 假如, 如果.

in the event 结果, 实际情况是(常与but 连用)

  1. in the event of=in case of万一,即使发生..时
  2. except 除…以外; besides 除…以外还有..
  3. except =but 除了。
  4. except for =apart from 除…以外
  5. (an) exception to …的例外
  6. with the exception of=except=apart from

除去…., 除…以外

  1. in excess of=more than超过
  2. exchange…for 以…交换
  3. exclusive of=not taking into account=without 不包括
  4. in excuse of 作为…的借口
  5. exert…on…对…施加…
  6. exert oneself to do sth. 努力,使劲
  7. come into existence=begin to exist开始存在;

come into use 开始使用;come into effect 开始运转;

come into fashion 开始时新;come into action 开始行动;

come into power 开始执政; come into sight 进入视野;

come into blossom 开花;

  1. (be) in existence 存在come into existence 出现
  2. expect…of 在…期望…
  3. at the expense of 在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
  4. expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
  5. be exposed to…面临…, 受到….
  6. beyond expression=in a manner that cannot be expressed

无法形容, 说不出的

  1. give expression to 表达, 表现

find expression in 表现

  1. to …extent 在…程度上
  2. in the extreme (= extremely) 极其
  3. look sb. in the eye 正视, 打量(某人)
  4. close (shut) one’s eyes to 不理会,视而不见
  5. in one’s mind’s eye 在心目中, 在想象中
  6. in the twinkling of an eye 一眨眼,转眼间
  7. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
  8. in the eyes of in one’s eyes= in the judgment of

在某人看来, 在某人眼里

  1. on the face of it=judging by what one can see 表面看来
  2. in the face of 面对着(困难等情况)
  3. in one’s face 当着某人的面; face to faced 面对面;

face up to 大胆面向

  1. fail in=be unsuccessful in 失败
  2. in good faith=honestly=sincerely真诚地
  3. keep faith with 对…守信用
  4. lose faith in 对…失去信心
  5. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地
  6. faithful to (=loyal to) 对…忠诚
  7. fall into the habit (of) 养成…习惯
  8. fall short of=fail to reach a desired result\standard, etc.) 没达到, 低于
  9. familiar with 熟悉,了解
  10. have a fancy for=like sthwithout the help of reason)

(没有道理地)喜欢, 想要

  1. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
  2. by far 远, 非常(与比较级或最高级连用)
  3. far from 远远不是
  4. far from 非但不…(而且)
  5. in fashion=stylish=most modern时兴,流行
  6. after the fashion (of) 依照…
  7. find fault with=complain about=criticize


  1. at fault=in the wrong=blamable有错
  2. in favor of 赞成
  3. be in favor with 受宠, 受偏爱;

out of favor with 失宠, 不受宠

  1. in one’s favor=to one’s advantage对….有利
  2. (be) favorable to=advantageous有利的
  3. fear for=be afraid forthe safety of sb or sth为…担心
  4. for fear of=in case of=because of anxiety about

以防, 由于怕

  1. in fear of=afraid for the safety of 担心
  2. feed (sb)on sth 靠吃…, 用…喂养
  3. be fed up with=be unhappy=tired aboutsth厌烦, 腻了
  4. feel like=have a desire for 想要
  5. fill in 填写
  6. fill out =fill in填写

317.set the world onfire=set the flames on fire

=do sthremarkable有突出成就

  1. play with fire=take great risks干冒险事
  2. set sthon fire=set fire to sth使..着火,放火
  3. at first sight=when first seen 乍一看,一见
  4. for the first time 第一次(作状语)
  5. in the first place 首先, 第一
  6. fit into 刚好放入
  7. fit in with= suit=fall into agreement 合适, 相配, 一致
  8. (be) fit for=right and suitable for适合
  9. focus on=concentrate on 集中在…上

focus sth on 把…集中在…上

  1. be fond of 喜欢
  2. (be) in force 有效, 实施
  3. go into force 开始生效
  4. by force 靠武力, 强行
  5. force…on 把…强加给…
  6. in the form of 以…形式
  7. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气
  8. free of charge 免费
  9. be freed from 免受, 没有…
  10. in front of 在…前面in the front of 在…前部
  11. furnish…with=supply 向…提供
  12. in general=in most cases, usually通常
  13. catch (or get) a glimpse of 瞥见(强调结果)

take a glance(or look) at 看一眼(强调动作)

  1. be good for 对…有好处;对…有作用

be good at 擅长于;

be good to 对…好

  1. in good time=early早早地(做完.到达等)
  2. for good=for ever 永远地, 长期地
  3. take…for granted=assume to be true把…认为理所当然的.
  4. be grateful to sbfor sth 因…感谢某人
  5. on the ground(s) for=because of 由于…
  6. fall to the ground (计划.希望等)失败,落空
  7. on one’s guard(against) 谨防, 警惕

(be) on guard 站岗

  1. guard against=defend=keep safe警惕,防止

guard…against 警卫…防止

  1. guess at 猜, 估计
  2. by guess 靠猜
  3. be guilty of 犯有…罪或过失
  4. be in the habit of 习惯于
  5. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯)
  6. break sb of (a habit)使某人改掉(某习惯)
  7. get (fall) into the habit of 养成了…的习惯
  8. come to a halt=stop 停止; 停住
  9. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近)
  10. by hand 用手工(做)
  11. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作
  12. in hand 1)在手边2)(=under control)控制住
  13. in the hands of 由…掌握, 控制, 负责
  14. live from hand to mouth 勉强度日,现挣现吃
  15. at the head of 在…的前头
  16. head for=move towards向…方向前进
  17. hear of=know about 听人说起, 听说过
  18. at heart=in reality 内心里, 实际上
  19. in one’s heart (of hearts)内心深处,事实上
  20. by heart=by memory 熟记, 背(诵)
  21. to one’s heart’s content 尽情地
  22. with all one’s heart 全心全意地,真心实意
  23. hinder…form=stop…from阻碍,使..不能做
  24. be (go) on holiday 在(去)度假go on holiday = go for a holiday
  25. be/feel at home=to be comfortable=not feel worried


  1. be honest in 诚实
  2. in one’s honor/in honor of祝贺,纪念
  3. on one’s honor 以某人的名誉担保
  4. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有
  5. to one’s horror 令某人感到恐惧的是
  6. in a hurry=hastily 匆忙地
  7. be identical with=exactly alike和完全相同
  8. be identified with 被视为与…等同
  9. in ignorance of 不知道…
  10. be ignorant of= lacking knowledge 对…不了解,不知道
  11. (an) impact (on) 对…的强烈影响
  12. impose…on 把…强加给
  13. impress…on 给…留下印象
  14. make/leave an impression on sb =give sb. an impression


388.under the impression that 有..的印象,认为

  1. improve sth=make sth better把原物改进

improve on=produce or be sth better than另做一物比原物更好

  1. improve in=get better 有改进, 好些
  2. improvement in 表示原物有改进,好转
  3. include…in 把…列在…里面
  4. inclusive of 把…包括在内
  5. independent of 独立的,不受约束的
  6. indicative of 表明, 说明
  7. be indifferent to=not interested in

对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

  1. (be)inferior to=less good in quality or value

比…差; superior to 比…好

  1. inform sb f sth. 通知, 告诉
  2. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
  3. insist on=order sth to happen 坚持要
  4. instead of=in place of 代替,而不是…
  5. instruct…in=teach 教.指导.训练某人…
  6. insure…for 把…保险(多少钱);

ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使…确信,保证

  1. insure…against 保险…以防
  2. intend…for 打算把…给
  3. (be) intent on 专心致志, 坚决
  4. in the interests of 符合…的利益

be interested in 对…感兴趣

  1. interfere in 干涉, interfere with 打搅,干扰
  2. at intervals 每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离
  3. intervene in 干预
  4. invest in 投资
  5. be involved in=become connected or concerned 卷入, 参加
  6. by itself=alone, without help单独地,靠自己
  7. in itself 本身; of itself 自发,自然
  8. be jealous of 妒忌
  9. jump at=to be eager to accept抢着接受,
  10. jump on=scold, tell of 叱责
  11. junior to sb. 年纪较…轻, 职位较…低.
  12. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望
  13. keep a close watch on =keep a sharp lookout for 密切注视
  14. keep…to oneself=keep secret不告诉别人
  15. to(the best of) one’s knowledge 据…所知
  16. at large=at liberty/free在逃, 逍遥法外

at large=in general 一般来说, 大体上

at large=at full length=with details详细地

  1. lean against (背)靠着…
  2. at least 至少; at most 至多
  3. (not) in the least 一点(也不), 丝毫(也不)
  4. at one’s leisure 在…有空的时候
  5. lend itself/themselves to 适合于(某用途)
  6. at length=after a long time=at last)终于

at length=in detail=thoroughly详细地

  1. go to any length 想一切办法, 尽一切力量
  2. be liable to=be subject to易于..的,应受(罚)
  3. be liable for 对…应负责任的
  4. lie in 在于
  5. in life 一生中
  6. for life 终身
  7. inthe light of=considering=taking into account考虑到,根据
  8. throw light on= make clear=explain

使…更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明

  1. in line with=in agreement with符合,一致
  2. long for=want very much渴望,希望得到
  3. for long 很久,很长时间(否定句.疑问句中)
  4. before long=soon不久, 过了不久以后.
  5. in the long run=in the end从长远来说,最后;

in the short term (从短期来说)

  1. (be) at a loss 不知所措

444.major in 主修(某课程)

  1. as a matter of fact 实际上, 事实是
  2. by all means=at all costs不惜一切

=certainly 当然行by means of 用…by no means 完全不

  1. on memory of 为纪念…
  2. on the mend=in the process of recovering 好转, 在康复中
  3. mention sth to sb. 向某人提起某事
  4. at the mercy of=in the power of 任…摆布, 在…支配下
  5. be in a mess 乱七八糟, 处境困难

make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱

  1. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)牢记
  2. bring(or call)to mind=remember使回想起
  3. by mistake(由于粗心,健忘原因而)错误地
  4. at the moment=now 此刻,现在

for the moment=for the time being暂时

just a moment 稍等片刻at the last moment 在最后一刻

  1. in the mood for 有情绪去做..,有心境做.
  2. no more…than 和…一样都不…
  3. for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说
  4. at (the) most 最多, 至多
  5. make the most of 充分利用
  6. be not much of=not a good不是很好的…

be something of 有点…,像…

  1. name after 用…的名字命名
  2. native to 所产的
  3. by nature 天生的, 生来
  4. in mature 本质上
  5. (be) in the nature of 属…性质
  6. none other that 不是别人,正是…
  7. above normal 高于正常(温度)
  8. for nothing=free, without payment免费
  9. nothing but 只有, 不过…而已
  10. to say nothing of=not to mention更不用说…
  11. do sth. at short notice 只给很少时间准备
  12. until further notice 在另行通知前
  13. take notice of (=pay attention) 注意
  14. object to =be opposed to 反对
  15. objection to (接动名词) 反对
  16. on occasion=now and then时地,必要时
  17. by occasion of=because of 由于
  18. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事)
  19. it occurs to sb. that…某人想到…
  20. once and for all =once and forever 永远地

all at once =suddenly=now立即,马上

once in a while=occasionally 偶尔

(just) for once 就这一次

  1. (all) by oneself 独自(没有别人帮助)
  2. operate on sb. 给某人做手术

come/ go into operation 开始运转

put/bring sth into operation 使…投产,运转

  1. be of the opinion 持有…的看法
  2. in one’ opinion 按某人的看法
  3. be opposed to…反对…
  4. be opposite to 与…相反的
  5. (be) in order(=acceptable)合适的,恰当的

in order 井井有条,处于良好状态;

out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障

  1. made to order 定做的(衣服)
  2. originate in/from(=begin)起源于,由..引起
  3. on the outskirts (of) 在城郊
  4. owe…to 把…归于…
  5. on one’ own (=along, without help)单独
  6. of one’ own 某人自己的
  7. keep pace with 跟…齐步前进
  8. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力
  9. part with=give up=sell 舍弃,卖掉
  10. participate in=take part in参加
  11. (be) particular about 讲究,挑剔(吃,穿)
  12. in particular=especially 特别是,尤其
  13. (a) passion for 对…的热爱,热情
  14. be patient with 对…耐心
  15. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚
  16. pay…for 付…的钱
  17. (be) at peace with 与…和睦相处

in peace=peacefully安静,平安

  1. peculiar to…特有的, 独具的
  2. penalty for 对…的处罚,罚金
  3. perform on the piano=play the piano演奏钢琴
  4. persist in 坚持,固执
  5. in person 亲自, 当面
  6. in place(in right or proper place) 放在应放的地方
  7. in place of=instead of 代替
  8. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事
  9. be on the point of doing sth=be about to do sth 刚要去做
  10. beside the point 不切正题,无关紧要
  11. come to the point 谈主要问题
  12. there is no point in doing sth.没必要做某事
  13. to the point 中肯, 切题
  14. point at=indicate, direct attention指着

point out=indicate/how指出,指明

  1. popular with/among 大众所喜爱的,拥戴
  2. in the position of 处在…位置上
  3. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语)
  4. be(get) out of practice 荒疏,不熟练
  5. bring(put)…into practice 使…成为现实
  6. prefer…to…=choose rather=like better 宁要, 更喜欢
  7. prepare for breakfast 准备吃早饭prepare breakfast 作早饭
  8. in the presence of 在…在场的情况下
  9. for the present=for the time being=for now暂且,就现在来说; at present 现在,此刻
  10. preside over/at 主持(会议,业务等)
  11. prevail over 占优势, 压倒, 战胜
  12. prevent…from 使…不, 防止…做
  13. previous to=prior to 在…之前
  14. take pride in=pride oneself on 以…自豪
  15. pride oneself on/upon 以…自豪
  16. in principle=only in regard to the main idea 原则上
  17. prior to=before 在…之前
  18. in private=privately 私下, 秘密地/n public 公开地
  19. proceed from=arise from=result from由…发出, 由…引起(产生)
  20. proceed with=begin and continue sth 继续进行
  21. in progress=in the state of be done进行中
  22. prohibit…from=forbid 禁止, 阻止
  23. in proportion to 与…成比例
  24. protect…from 阻止..不受,保护不受
  25. be proud of 为…自豪
  26. provide for 为…做准备
  27. in public 公开地, 当众
  28. on purpose=by intention=deliberately故意
  29. to the purpose=useful for one’ purpose得要领的, 中肯的
  30. be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格

be qualified for 在某种职业上合格

  1. call…in question 对…表示怀疑
  2. beyond (all) question=without question 毫无疑问
  3. out of the question=impossible不可能的
  4. in question=under discussion所谈及的;
  5. without question 毫无疑问
  6. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了
  7. at random=without aim or purpose 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地
  8. range over=cove=include 范围,包括
  9. range between 范围在..与..之间不等
  10. at any rate=at all events无论如何,总之
  11. beyond the reach of 无法达到(得到,理解)
  12. out of reach of 无法够到.

within reach of/within one’ reach够得到,能拿到

  1. react to 对…作出反应
  2. react on/upon 对…产生影响
  3. react against 作出反抗或反对反应
  4. (be) ready for 准备好做…
  5. in reality=in fact, really 事实上
  6. beyond all reason 没有道理的
  7. by reason of=because of 由于,因为
  8. it stands to reason that …理所当然
  9. reason with=argue 劝说
  10. in the red 亏损,负债,赤字

(be) get out of red 不再亏损

  1. refer to…as 把…称做…
  2. refer…to… =send=take 送交,呈交
  3. with/in reference to=concerning=about关于
  4. with/in regard to=concerning有关,关于
  5. give one’s regards to sb. 向…问候
  6. regardless of=without worrying about=despite=in spite of


  1. in/with relation to 关于, 有关
  2. relevant to 与…有关的
  3. to one’s relief 令…感到放心的是
  4. relieve…of…解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退
  5. rely on 依靠, 信赖
  6. remark on(upon) 对…发表评论
  7. remedy for 对…治疗法, 补救, 药物
  8. remind sb of 提醒某人…,使某人向想起
  9. in good repair=in good condition处于良好状态;

be under repair 在修理中

  1. reply to 答复, 回答

588.beyond reproach不受责备的;

beyond(all) reason 毫无道理;beyond question 毫无疑问;

beyond belief 以相信;beyond hope 绝望

  1. resort to 诉诸于..,求助于…

resort to force 诉诸于武力

  1. in/with respect to=concerning有关,关于
  2. respond to 对…反应, 响应, 对(药)有效
  3. in response to=as an answer to回答,反应
  4. be response for 对…负责, 是造成…原因
  5. rest on/upon=be supported by依靠,寄托
  6. rest with=be in hand of 在…手中, 是…的责任;由…决定;依靠
  7. restrain…from(=hold back from)抑制..不..
  8. restrict…to=keep within limits把..限制于..
  9. result in=cause导致
  10. with the result that 其结果是
  11. in return (for) 作为报答; 以报答(for)
  12. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去

602.be in the right 正确的;in the wrong 错误的

  1. be within one’s rights(to do) 有权(做)
  2. give rise to=lead to 引起, 导致
  3. at the risk of=with danger of冒...的风险
  4. run(take)risk of=do sth dangerous的风险
  5. rule out=exclude=eliminate 排除
  6. in safety 安全地
  7. for the sake of=for the good or advantage of 为了…起见
  8. be for sale 待售
  9. on sale=offered to be sold 出售, 上市
  10. be satisfied with 满意
  11. on a large scale 大规模地
  12. on schedule=at the planned or exacted time按时,准时;

ahead of schedule 提前in advance 预先;

behind schedule 落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间

  1. be schedule for 定在某时(进行)
  2. scrape through(in) 勉强通过
  3. from scratch=from the beginning从头开始
  4. in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;

in memory of 为纪念..in hopes of 为期待..

in pursuit of 为追求..in behalf of 为…的利益

in favor of 为赞成…in support of 为支持…

  1. in season 旺季
  2. in secret 秘密地; in private 私下
  3. senior to 比…年长; junior to 比…轻;

superior to 比…更好; inferior to 比…差

  1. in a sense 在某种意义上
  2. sensitive to 对…敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的;

sensational 耸人听闻的

  1. in sequence 按顺序, 按先后次序
  2. share in=have a share in 分摊, 分担
  3. share sth with 与…分享,分担,分摊,共用
  4. be shocked at/by 对…感到震惊
  5. fall short of 达不到
  6. go short of=be without enough of 缺乏
  7. for short=in a short form 为简便,简称
  8. in short=in a few words=in brief简称
  9. in short supply 供应不足
  10. be short of=lackingenough缺乏,不够
  11. be shy of 难为情, 不好意思
  12. at the side of 与…相比
  13. take the side of 站在…一边
  14. catch the sight of=see for a moment瞥见
  15. at the sight of 一看见…
  16. (be)in sight=in view, visible 看得见

out of sight 看不见

  1. know sb by sight 与…只面熟
  2. on the sly=secretly 偷偷地
  3. smell of 有…的气味
  4. be sorry about/for 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的
  5. speak ill of 说…的坏话;speak well of 说…的好话
  6. specialize in 专门研究, 专攻
  7. in spite of=despite 尽管
  8. on the pot=at the place of the action在现场, 在出事地点;

或=at once 立即

  1. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对

take a stand for 采取某种立场支持…

  1. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着
  2. in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐
  3. stick sth on 把…贴在…上
  4. stick to 粘着, 坚持
  5. stick at=continue to work hard at继续勤奋地致力于…;’

stick one’s work 坚持工作;stick at one’s books 勤奋读书

  1. stick to=refuse to leave or change坚持;

stick to one’s promise 比喻食言

stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友

  1. in stock 有….货
  2. be strict with 对…严格要求
  3. be/go on strike 罢工
  4. subject…to=cause…to experience)使受..到

subject (adj) to 易受到…的

  1. submit…to 提交
  2. substitute…for 以…代替…
  3. suffer from 患…病; 受…苦痛
  4. be suitable for=fit 合适…的
  5. in sum 大体上, 总之
  6. supply sb with sth 向某人提供某物
  7. superior to 优于…, 比…好
  8. in support of 以便支持
  9. be sure of=have no doubt= certain确信的
  10. for sure/certain=certainly=definitely 肯定地.有把握地说
  11. make sure about 弄清, 弄确实
  12. be surprised at 对..惊奇;

take…by surprise 使…惊奇;

to one’s surprise 使某人惊奇

  1. suspect sb of 疑心某犯有…
  2. be suspicious of=not trusting对…有疑心
  3. by sympathetic to/towards 对…同情,赞同
  4. sympathize with sb or sth. 对…表示同情
  5. be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
  6. taste of 有…味道
  7. in good taste 大方,得体;(反意)in bad taste
  8. to(one’s) taste 合…的口味, 中意
  9. tell…from=recognize 辨别.认出
  10. in terms of=with regard to=respectively

按照, 根据, 在…方面

  1. be on good/bad terms with 关系好(不好)
  2. thank sb. for sth 因…感谢某人
  3. think of=have the idea of想到;


  1. on second thoughts 经再三考虑之后
  2. be through with=finish with 做好,完成
  3. at one time 过去一度, 以前曾经
  4. behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代

behind time=late 迟到, 晚点

  1. for the time being (=temporarily)暂时
  2. in time(for)=early or soon enough及时

on time=punctually 准时

  1. at no time 无论何时也不…

in on time=very quickly 立即,马上

  1. at times=occasionally 间或, 时常

at all times=always 始终, 总是

  1. at a time 一次, 每次; 同时
  2. on top of 在…上面
  3. in total=all have been added up 总计
  4. be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系

be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触

  1. be true of 适合于…的;be true to 忠于…
  2. to trust …to 把…委托给
  3. place/put/havetrust in 依赖
  4. in truth 事实上, 实在
  5. by turns 轮换地
  6. in turn=successively=in order依次
  7. be typical of 是…的特点
  8. for use 以便使用
  9. be in use=be used被使用;

be out of use=be on longer used不再被使用

  1. be used to+名词或动名词: 习惯于

used to+动词原形: 过去常常(做)

  1. be unprepared for 对…无准备的
  2. in vain=uselessly 徒劳
  3. be valid for 对…有效的
  4. in the vicinity 在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近…的地方; in the vicinity of 大约
  5. with a view to +动名词=in order to do sth 以…为目的
  6. in view=in sight 看得见
  7. in view of=considering 考虑到…

in the view of 按…的意思

  1. by/in virtue of=as a result of=by means of

由于…; 依靠…力量

  1. a warning against 告诫…不要a warning of 警告…存在…
  2. (be) on the watch for 不断监视看有没有..

(be) on the watch against 不断监视为防范…

  1. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍
  2. (be)under way=moving forward正进行
  3. by way of=by going through 经由,取道
  4. by the way=in addition顺带地(转移话题)
  5. in no way 无论怎样也不…
  6. in the way 对…方式
  7. in a way 从某种程度上说
  8. as a whole=in general 就整体而论
  9. on the whole=generally=for the most part 大体上说
  10. against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地

at will 随心所欲

with a will 有决心地

  1. wish for 渴望某物;hope for 想要某物
  2. “with+名词+分词”构成复合结构,作状语
  3. word for word=literally 逐字地
  4. in a word 总之;in other words 换言之;

have a word with sb.谈一谈;have words with sb.争吵;

have the last word 有决定权keep one’s word 遵守诺言

  1. work out ideas 出主意;

work out the amount of…计算出…的数量;

work out a problem 解决问题;

work out a puzzle 解谜

  1. at the thought of 一想到…worry about 担心
  2. at (the) worst 在最糟的情况下